What is Type 1 Diabetes (T1D)?

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1D) is an autoimmune disease with worldwide increasing incidence rate.

T1D is one of the most common chronic disease of childhood, and it can cause serious late-stage health problems such as kidney disease. Your body changes most of the food you eat into a form of sugar (also called glucose).
In order to be able to turn food into energy, your body needs insulin, a hormone produced by the cells in the pancreas, called beta cells. Without insulin, sugar increases in the blood and this can damage internal organs, the nervous system and blood vessels.

T1D occurs when the body's immune system attacks these cells that make insulin.

This is different to type 2 diabetes and although both types of diabetes are due to not enough insulin, patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes usually have different features.
T1D is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. It is sometimes called juvenile diabetes because diabetes in children is usually the type 1 form involving the immune system. It can, however, occur at any age.

Children with T1D must take insulin several times a day to stay alive and healthy. Right now, there is no cure for type 1 diabetes.

A large number of studies and clinical trials have been started. The purpose of whose is to prevent and postpone in later age the development of the disease.


Go to Link to know more about current clinical trials and studies

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